Migrate Heroku shared database (Postgres) to Amazon RDS (MySQL)

Heroku is a PaaS that lets you deploy an app in seconds. By default your app will use Heroku shared database, a Postgres DB instance which is a good choice for development, but unsuitable for production.

A cheap alternative is Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS). It offers MySQL instances at competitive prices.

To make this service available to your Heroku application you should create a new database instance at Amazon RDS and then enable this resource by adding the relative add-on.

Keep in mind that Heroku dynos are Amazon EC2 instances and should be located in the same zone as your RDS instance for reducing the latency between app server and DB server.

Step 1

Create an RDS database instance, you can do it from the web based Amazon RDS console.

Step 2

Migrate your data from Heroku shared database to your new Amazon RDS database instance.

You’ll need to authorize access to the RDS instance from your workstation running:

$ rds-authorize-db-security-group-ingress default --cidr-ip

where is your public IP subnet.

Now you can use taps to pull from your Heroku database to your RDS database:

$ heroku db:pull mysql://user:pass@rdshostname.amazonaws.com/databasename

Step 3

Authorize Heroku app access to RDS database

$ rds-authorize-db-security-group-ingress --db-security-group-name default \
    --ec2-security-group-name default \
    --ec2-security-group-owner-id 098166147350 \
    --aws-credential-file ../credential-file-path.template

Step 4

Add Amazon RDS Heroku add-on

$ heroku addons:add amazon_rds url=mysql2://user:pass@rdshostname.amazonaws.com/databasename

That’s it.


If you get Taps Load Error: no such file to load -- taps/operation error at “Step 2”, you might need to install taps on your system by running

$ gem install taps

and retry.

Remember also to update your app’s Gemfile configuration to load mysql2 gem instead of pg changing from

gem 'pg'


gem 'mysql2'


Next: ASCII art API, birdie at EuRuKo Golf